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    [多语种翻译] 中英文广论学习:词句对照

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     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-15 14:13:34 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-1-15 14:31 编辑

    P65(英文广论电子版页码)
    the mantra for overcoming demons伏魔真言
    radiant face舒颜
    ascertain[,æsə'teɪn] 审定【确定】
    manifold meanings众义
    dispirit[dɪ'spɪrɪt]厌患【使气馁】

    以下是电子版英文广论64页~65页部分内容
    With regard to your behavior, wash and make yourself clean. Then, after putting on unsoiled clothing, sit upon a teaching seat and cushion in a place that is clean and attractive. It is said in the Questions ofSagaramati Sutra that if you recite the mantra for overcoming demons, then demons and deities of the demon class within a radius of one hundred leagues will not come. Even if they do come, they will be unable to cause difficulties. Therefore recite that mantra. Then, with a radiant face, teach,using examples, reasons and scriptural citations and other accessories for ascertaining the meaning.The Lotus Sutra says:

    The learned always give without jealousy
    Sweet-sounding teachings with manifold meanings.
    Having thoroughly cast aside laziness as well/
    They are not dispirited to repeat teachings again and again.

     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-16 14:11:08 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 03:27 编辑

    p65(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    repugnant[rɪ'pʌgnənt]慼【敌对的】
    sustenance['sʌst(ə)nəns]饮食
    differentiate[,dɪfə'renʃɪeɪt]差别【区别】
    request[rɪ'kwest]启请【请求】
    suitable recipient

    以下是电子版英文广论65页部分内容
    The Lotus Sutra says:
    The learned always give without jealousy
    Sweet-sounding teachings with manifold meanings.
    Having thoroughly cast aside laziness as well
    They are not dispirited to repeat teachings again and again.
    The learned give up all that is repugnant
    And cultivate the power of love toward those around them.
    Day and night they cultivate the supreme teachings. [30]
    Using millions of examples the learned
    Bring joy and delight to those listening to their teachings.
    They never have the slightest desire for worldly gain:
    Not thinking of sustenance—hard or soft foods, or drink/
    Of clothing, or bedding, or religious robes,
    …………

    4. Differentiating between those to whom you should and should not explain the teaching
    Do not explain the teachings without being requested to do so; as Gunaprabha's Sutra on the Discipline (Vinaya-sutra) says,"It should not be done without request Even when requested, it is necessary to investigate to see whether or not the potential student is suitable to receive the teachings. And even when not requested, it is appropriate to explain the teachings to someone only if you know them to be a suitable recipient.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-18 17:01:07 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 03:32 编辑

    p66(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    casually['kæʒjuəli]忽尔【偶然地】
    topknot['tɒpnɒt]结髻【顶髻】
    tiara[tɪ'ɑːrə]冠
    sedan[sɪ'dæn] 辇【轿】
    armor['ɑrmɚ]甲【盔甲】

    以下是电子版英文广论66页部分内容
    Do not impart the teachings casually,
    But only after you have investigated whether the listener is a suitable recipient.
    If you know that the listener is a suitable recipient,
    Explain the teachings even without a request.

    Further, Gunaprabha's Sutra on the Discipline says:
    While standing, do not explain the teachings to one who is seated; …………Do not explain them to someone with a topknot, wearing a hat, wearing a tiara, or whose head is wrapped in cloth. Do not explain the teachings to someone riding an elephant or a horse, to someone sitting in a sedan chair or carriage, or to someone wearing shoes or boots. Do not explain them to someone holding a staff, an umbrella, a spear, a sword, or other arms, or to someone wearing armor.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-19 09:36:37 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 03:35 编辑

    p66(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    strong[strɒŋ]猛利
    aspiration[æspə'reɪʃ(ə)n]欲心
    dedicate['dedɪkeɪt]回向
    temporary['temp(ə)rərɪ]现时
    final objectives究竟诸希愿处

    以下是电子版英文广论66页~69页部分内容
    C. How a session should be concluded in relation to both hearing and explaining the teaching
    With strong aspiration dedicate the virtues that have arisen from explaining and hearing the teachings to your temporary and final objectives.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-19 11:23:08 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 03:42 编辑

    p66~p69(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    aforesaid[ə'fɔːsed](如经所说)【前述的】
    prerequisite[priː'rekwɪzɪt]先导【前提】
    rely on the teacher亲近知识
    train sb‘s minds修心
    somewhat elaborate explanation稍开宣说

    以下是电子版英文广论66页~69页部分内容
    If you explain and listen to the teachings in such a manner, then you will unquestionably receive the aforesaid benefits even from a single session. ……

    This is a great instruction. ………… This is the most important prerequisite for teaching these instructions.

    IV. How to lead students with the actual instructions [33]
    The actual instructions are explained in two parts:
    1. How to rely on the teacher (Chapters 4-6)
    2. How the students train their minds after having relied on the teacher (Chapters 7 and on)

    A. How to rely on the teacher, the root of the path
    There are two parts to the explanation of how to rely on the teacher:
    1. A somewhat elaborate explanation for developing certain knowledge (Chapter 4)
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-21 15:11:15 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-1-26 20:47 编辑

    p70(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    production of a single good quality发起一德
    reduction of a single fault损减一过
    forbearance [fɔː'beər(ə)ns]忍
    concentration[kɒns(ə)n'treɪʃ(ə)n]等持
    superknowledge神通

    以下是电子版英文广论70页部分内容
    Thus, the excellent teacher is the source of all temporary happiness and certain goodness, beginning with the production of a single good quality and the reduction of a single fault in a student's mind and eventually encompassing all the knowledge beyond that. Therefore, the way you initially rely on the teacher is important, for the Scriptural Collection of the Bodhisattvas (Bodhisattva-pitaka) states:

    In short, attaining and bringing to completion all the bodhisattva deeds, and, likewise, attaining and bringing to completion theperfections, levels, forbearances, concentrations, superknowledges, retentions of teachings heard, dedications, aspirational prayers, confidence to speak, and all the qualities of a buddha are contingent upon the guru. The guru is the root from which they arise. The guru is the source and creator from which they are produced. The guru increases them. They depend upon the guru. The guru is their cause.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-22 20:23:46 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-1-26 20:43 编辑

    p70(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    retentions of teachings heard总持
    aspirational prayers
    confidence to speak辩才
    be contingent upon赖……为本
    guru尊重【大师】

    以下是电子版英文广论70页部分内容
    In short, attaining and bringing to completion all the bodhisattva deeds, and, likewise, attaining and bringing to completion the
    perfections, levels, forbearances, concentrations, superknowledges, retentions of teachings heard, dedications, aspirational prayers, confidence to speak, and all the qualities of a buddha are contingent upon the guru. The guru is the root from which they arise. The guru is the source and creator from which they are produced. The guru increases them. They depend upon the guru. The guru is their cause.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-24 09:19:54 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-1-26 20:39 编辑

    p70~p71(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    defining characteristics
    serene[sɪ'riːn]静
    thoroughly['θʌrəli]【彻底地】
    thoroughly pacify近静
    energetic [,enə'dʒetɪk]具勤【精力充沛的】

    以下是电子版英文广论70页~71页部分内容
    a. The defining characteristics of the teacher to be relied upon
    Generally, in the scriptures and commentaries many defining characteristics of the teacher are taught from the viewpoint of the individual vehicles. However, the following is a description of a teacher who instructs you in the stages on the paths of the three persons of different capacities and guides you to the Mahayana, which is the path to buddhahood. With respect to this, Maitreya says in his Ornament for theMah&yana Sutras (MaMy&w-sutralamk&ra):

    Rely on a Mahayana teacher who is disciplined, serene, thoroughly pacified;
    Has good qualities surpassing those of the students; is energetic;
    has a wealth of scriptural knowledge;
    Possesses loving concern; has thorough knowledge of reality and skill in instructing disciples;
    And has abandoned dispiritedness.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-24 18:17:49 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-1-26 20:33 编辑

    p71(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    loving concern悲体
    thorough knowledge of reality善达实性
    skill in instructing disciples具巧说
    dispiritedness厌【精神不振】
    abandon dispiritedness离厌

    以下是电子版英文广论71页部分内容
    Rely on a Mahayana teacher who is disciplined, serene, thoroughly pacified;
    Has good qualities surpassing those of the students; is energetic;
    has a wealth of scriptural knowledge;
    Possesses loving concern; has thorough knowledge of reality and skill in instructing disciples;
    And has abandoned dispiritedness.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-26 17:55:57 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-1-26 20:29 编辑

    p71(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    vows of individual liberation别解脱
    bridle ['braɪd(ə)l]衔【马缰】
    difficult-to-rein难制
    straying[streɪ]【杂散】
    Exegesis of the Discipline《分辨教》

    以下是电子版英文广论71页部分内容
    These vows of individual liberation
    Are the bridle set with sharp nails.
    With constant effort they are fit
    For the difficult-to-rein horse of the straying mind.

    Also the Exegesis of the Discipline (Vinaya-vibhanga) states:
    This is the bridle for undisciplined disciples.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-26 20:24:33 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-1-26 20:27 编辑

    p72(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    a deep understanding无量知解
    wane [weɪn]【衰退】
    in the situation at hand当时
    selflessness of phenomena法无我性
    perception[pə'sepʃ(ə)n]现证【感知】

    以下是电子版英文广论72页部分内容
    However, to have only the good qualities of knowledge that come from disciplining the mind with the three trainings is not sufficient. Teachers must also have the good qualities of scriptural learning. Therefore, "wealth of scriptural knowledge" refers to being erudite concerning the three scriptural collections and the like. Geshe Dromdon-ba (dGe-bshes ['Brom]-ston-pa) said that when the "gurus of the Mahayana" give an explanation, they must cause their students to have a deep understanding. When they are putting the teachings into practice, they must demonstrate what is helpful at a time when the teaching is on the wane, and what is useful in the situation at hand.

    "Knowledge of reality" refers to a special training in wisdom—the knowledge of the selflessness of phenomena. In another way, it is said to be best if the teachers have a perception of reality; but, if they do not have it, it is acceptable for them to know reality through scripture and reasoning.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-28 13:28:46 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 01:10 编辑

    p72~p73(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    good qualities
    surpass[sə'pɑːs]增上【超越】
    Verses about Friends《亲友集》
    gain[geɪn]利养【收获】
    constant delight勇悍刚决


    以下是电子版英文广论72页~73页部分内容
    Although teachers are endowed with these good qualities of scriptural learning and knowledge, it is not enough for them to have good qualities that are equal to or lower than those of their students; instead, they need qualities that surpass those of their students. The Verses about Friends (Mitra-varga) says:

    …………

    Among the four qualities of looking after others, …… That is, the teacher teaches with a motivation of love and compassion and does not look for gain, respect, and so on. Bo-do-wa said to Jen-nga-wa (sPyan-snga-ba), "Son of Li-mo, however many teachings I have explained, I have never taken pleasure in even a single thanks. All beings are helpless." A teacher should be like this.

    "Energetic" refers to constant delight in others' welfare. "Has abandoned dispiritedness" refers to never being tired of giving an explanation again and again—to bearing the hardships of explaining.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-30 09:01:14 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 01:21 编辑

    p73~p75(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    foremost['fɔːməʊst]主要【首要的】
    sandalwood['sænd(ə)lwʊd]栴檀
    degenerate[dɪ'dʒen(ə)rət] 【衰落的】
    Tantra Requested by Subahu《妙臂请问经》
    chariot[dɪ'dʒen(ə)rət] 车【战车】

    以下是电子版英文广论73页~75页部分内容
    These five qualities—loving concern, knowledge of reality, and the three trainings—are foremost. My master Shang-tsun (Zhangbtsun) is not very learned with regard to all the scriptures and cannot withstand dispiriting circumstances. …………

    This being the case, those who achieve their own livelihood by praising or explaining the good qualities of the trainings, while not
    striving diligently to practice them, are not suitable to be teachers. That sort of meaningless praise is only words. It is similar to when someone who diligently seeks sandalwood asks one who makes a living by explaining the good qualities of sandalwood, "Do you have any sandalwood?" and that person replies, "No."

    …………

    Question: [38] Because this is a degenerate time, it is difficult to find a teacher who has these good qualities in their entirety. Therefore, what should we do if we do not find such a teacher?

    Reply: The Tantra Requested by Subahu (Subahu-pariprccha-tantra) states:
    Just as a chariot with one wheel
    Will not go down the path even though it has a horse,
    So too, without assistants for meditation,
    People will not gain attainments.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-30 12:52:56 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 01:28 编辑

    p75(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    attainment[ə'teɪnm(ə)nt]成就
    speak pleasantly和言
    be generous能施
    worship['wɝʃɪp]供【崇拜】
    brahmin['brɑ:min]婆罗门

    以下是电子版英文广论75页部分内容
    Just as a chariot with one wheel
    Will not go down the path even though it has a horse,
    So too, without assistants for meditation,
    People will not gain attainments.
    These assistants should have intelligence, a good appearance, great purity,
    Be of reputable lineage, and inclined toward the teachings.
    They should have great confidence, perseverance/and have disciplined the senses.
    They should speak pleasantly, be generous and compassionate,
    Forbear hunger, thirst, and the afflictions,
    And not worship other deities and brahmins.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-1-31 10:00:12 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 01:36 编辑

    p75~p76(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    Four Hundred Stanzas《四百论》
    nonpartisan[,nɒnpɑːtɪ'zæn]正住【无党派的】
    partisan['pɑːtɪzæn]堕党【党羽】
    bias['baɪəs] 蔽覆【偏执】
    the meaning of good teachings善说妙义

    以下是电子版英文广论75页~76页部分内容
    b. The defining characteristics of the student who relies upon the teacher

    Aryadeva states in his Four Hundred Stanzas (Catuh-sataka):
    It is said that one who is nonpartisan, intelligent, and diligent
    Is a vessel for listening to the teachings.
    The good qualities of the instructor do not appear otherwise
    Nor do those of fellow listeners.

    …………

    With respect to these three characteristics, "nonpartisan" means not to take sides. If you are partisan, you will be obstructed by your bias and will not recognize good qualities. Because of this, you will not discover the meaning of good teachings. As Bhavaviveka states in his Heart of the Middle Way (Madhyamaka-hrdaya):
     楼主| 发表于 2013-2-1 16:33:19 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 01:40 编辑

    p76(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    Heart of the Middle Way《中观心论》
    taking sides堕党
    distressed[dɪ'strest]恼【忧虑的】
    peace[piːs] 寂静
    own assertions自欲

    以下是电子版英文广论76页部分内容
    …………As Bhavaviveka states in his Heart of the Middle Way (Madhyamaka-hrdaya):
    Through taking sides the mind is distressed,
    Whereby you will never know peace.

    "Taking sides'' is to have attachment for your own religious system and hostility toward others'. Look for it in your own mind and
    then discard it, for it says in the Bodhisattva Vows of Liberation (Bodhisattva- pratimoksa):
    After giving up your own assertions, respect and abide in the texts of the abbot and master.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-2-4 13:39:09 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 01:48 编辑

    p76(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    mental force慧力
    counterfeit paths似道
    unproductive[ʌnprə'dʌktɪv]无坚实品【没有收益的】
    inactive[ɪn'æktɪv]全无发趣
    great diligence广大希求

    以下是电子版英文广论76页部分内容
    Question: Is just that one characteristic enough?
    Reply: Though nonpartisan, if you do not have the mental force to distinguish between correct paths of good explanation and counterfeit paths of false explanation, you are not fit to listen to the teachings. Therefore, you must have the intelligence that understands both of these. By this account you will give up what is unproductive, and then adopt what is productive.

    Question: Are just these two enough?
    Reply: Though having both of these, if, like a drawing of a person who is listening to the teachings, you are inactive, you are not fit to listen to the teachings. Therefore, you must have great diligence.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-2-5 14:10:51 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 01:58 编辑

    p77(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    favorable condition顺缘
    unfavorable condition违缘
    investigate[ɪn'vestɪgeɪt]观察
    led[led]引导
    your next life将来

    以下是电子版英文广论77页部分内容
    Having intelligence is the favorable condition that gives rise to these four. Being nonpartisan gets rid of the unfavorable condition of taking sides.

    Investigate whether these attributes that make you suitable to be led by a guru are complete; if they are complete, cultivate delight. If they are incomplete, you must make an effort to obtain the causes that will complete them before your next life. Therefore, know the qualities of a listener. If you do not know their defining characteristics, you will not engage in an investigation to see whether they are complete, and will thereby ruin your great purpose.

     楼主| 发表于 2013-2-6 10:08:52 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 02:04 编辑

    p77(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    ruin['ruːɪn]退失【毁坏】
    great purpose广大义利
    biography[baɪ'ɒgrəfɪ]传记
    lay practitioner邬波索迦
    lose faith起不信

    以下是电子版英文广论77页部分内容
    Investigate whether…………If you do not know their defining characteristics, you will not engage in an investigation to see whether they are complete, and will thereby ruin your great purpose.

    c. How the student relies upon the teacher
    One who has these qualifications of a suitable recipient of the teachings should investigate well whether a guru has the requisite characteristics as explained above. Then this student should receive the teaching's kind words from a qualified teacher. Even so, the biographies of Geshe Drom-don-ba and Sung-pu-wa (gSung-phu-ba) are not in accord with each other. Sung-pu-wa had many gurus and listened to any correct explanation. Thus, when coming from Kham (Khams), he even listened to a lay practitioner explaining the teachings alongside the road. His disciples said that this was an inappropriate way to receive the teachings, to which he replied, "Do not say that. I have received two benefits."

    Geshe Drom-don-ba had few gurus—not more than five. Bo-dowa and Gom-ba-rin-chen, themselves gurus, discussed which of
    these two ways was better. They agreed that Geshe Drom-don-ba's way was better in these times when those with untrained minds still see faults in the teacher and lose faith. What they have said seems to be very true. Therefore, you should have few teachers.
     楼主| 发表于 2013-2-7 11:41:28 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 贤勤 于 2013-2-24 02:09 编辑

    p78(电子版英文版广论的页码)
    rely in thought意乐亲近
    training in faith修信
    Array of Stalks Sutra《华严经》
    nine attitudes九种心
    include[ɪn'kluːd]摄【包含】

    以下是电子版英文广论78页部分内容
    1) How to rely in thought
    How to rely on the teacher in thought is explained in three parts:
    1. A general indication of the attitudes needed to rely on the teacher
    2. In particular, training in faith, the root
    3. Remembering the teacher's kindness and being respectful
    a) A general indication of the attitudes needed to rely on the teacher

    The Array of Stalks Sutra (Ganda-vyuha-sutra)states that you should respect and serve the teacher with nine attitudes. This includes the key points of all the attitudes that you should have in order to rely on the teacher. If these are further condensed, four attitudes remain. They are as follows:
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